Annual Report 2017
Country Reports


Rodolfo Silva-Casarín, Juan Carlos Alcérreca Huerta AND Elizabeth Rodríguez Aguirre Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Short and medium term goals have been set for the generation of electricity from clean energy sources. The Energy Transition Law (LTE) establishes a minimum share of clean energy in electricity generation of 25% by 2018, 30% by 2021 and 35% by 2024.

To strengthen the operation of the Mexican Energy Innovation Centres (CEMIEs), the Ministry of Energy, through the Energy Sustainability Fund, developed Technological Roadmaps (TRM) for different renewable energies, including geothermal, ocean energy, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal, wind and bioenergy. These TRM help in the definition of the pathway and initiatives for the strategic planning aimed to increase the clean energy generation in the country. The TRM are focused on strengthening technological capabilities, including infrastructure, specialized human resources and technological services. They also prioritize the actions to reach the 2030 goals for installed capacity, as well as detailed activities, identification of stakeholders, targets and milestones in a specific timeframe. Based on these assumptions, it is estimated that ocean energy can contribute with 500 to 1000 MW of installed electrical capacity by 2030.

Mexico offers Clean Energy Certificates to consumers which use clean electricity or reduce emissions by processes defined in Article 3, section XXII of the Electricity Industry Law. By 2018, for the power generation sector must buy at least 5% of these clean energy certificates. This figure is expected to increase to 5.8% by 2019, 7.4% by 2020, 10.9% by 2021 and 13.9% by 2022. Currently, SEMARNAT (Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources) is working on the preparation of a carbon market which aims to create national and international mechanisms to benefit low carbon initiatives, however it will take time to see how this market can integrate and interact with clean energy technologies.

The Energy Transition and the Sustainable Use of Energy Fund was created by the Ministry of Energy and the National Science and Technology Council to promote and support projects and initiatives which contribute to the fulfilment of the National Strategy for Energy Transition and the Sustainable Use of Energy based on:

  • The encouragement of the use and application of clean technologies in all productive chains;
  • The diversification of primary sources of energy;
  • The establishment of a standardization programme for energy efficiency;
  • The promotion of measures for energy efficiency, as well as saving energy;
  • Ensuring that the population has access to reliable, timely and easily accessible information regarding the energy consumption of any electrical equipment;

The Sustainable Energy Fund is intended to facilitate any initiative to develop areas of energy efficiency, renewable sources, use of clean technologies and the diversification of primary sources of energy through four lines of action:

  1. Capacity building: develop scientific, technological and innovation capacities in academia, industry, society and government; promote the link between the stakeholders from the energy sector and influence them to foster the development of innovative projects.
  2. Research, development and innovation: Identify and prioritize technological development opportunities and promote research and knowledge transfer towards commercial applications.
  3. Training: Promote the coordination and information acquisition for timely decision-making; assist in the training and recruitment of talented personnel to run the sector, create, apply and generate knowledge, products and services of high value.
  4. International agenda: Promote international collaboration in programmes, projects and activities of the Fund.